IVF Treatments at the Cyprus IVF Clinic, sits at the very heart of our treatment programme. However, as a dedicated team we also recognise that straightforward IVF may not suit all patients. We are a fertility clinic, and we are firmly committed to accommodating our patients. We are proud to incorporate some ground breaking fertility medicine advances into our treatments. This means that we can provide our patients with a wide range of choices, designed to fit into your personal situation.
Modern medical science has provided us with significant assisted reproductive technologies and breakthrough treatments that help people experiencing difficulty achieving a successful pregnancy to finally conceive. Some of the most popular ivf treatment methods are described below, in brief:
IVF is a procedure where the woman’s eggs are removed and then combined with sperm and fertilised outside the body. The hatching embryo stays inside a highly sophisticated, state-of-the-art incubator for 3-5 days, before being implanted in the uterus. The only problem with this treatment is that not all couples can have it in their countries due to the stringent guidelines that apply (i.e. women over 42 years of age are not allowed to receive IVF in the UK), which make it almost impossible for some patients to access the required services. IVF in Cyprus, though, is for everybody wishing to have a child.
The egg donation program at Cyprus IVF Clinic has an extensive database of pre-screened*, young (usually between 20-26 years old) and perfectly healthy egg donors, whom we harvest 10-20 eggs from only at the time of your need, that are then used exclusively for the specific patient’s IVF cycle consumption. Of couse, the selected egg donor ovulates in synchrony with your menstrual cycle, if you want to use fresh eggs.
* Egg donors are tested for genetic diseases, infectious diseases, such as AIDS/HIV, Hepatitis C and B, Syphilis, German Measles, Cytomegalovirus, and many more, and then screened every 2 months to ensure they remain healthy.
Important Note: Egg donation is a process that is also strictly confidential at Cyprus IVF Clinic so neither the donor nor the child can trace one another at any point, unlike other countries (i.e. the UK), where children have the right to ask for their donor’s identity, once they get 18 years old.
At Cyprus IVF Clinic, you can either opt for fresh or frozen embryo transfer. In the first case, we stimulate the woman’s ovaries to produce more quality eggs by giving her hormonal medications. When the eggs have developed to a desirable size, we call her for egg retrieval. That same day, we collect the eggs, we also call the selected male donor to provide us with a semen sample. We inject the sperm into each egg (ICSI procedure – see below). During the following 5 days, the fertilised eggs grow and form the blastocyct (groups of cells) and are then transferred to the recipient’s womb (up to 3 quality embryos). In the second case, we use cryopreserved eggs that are thawed or defrosted for 15 minutes and then transferred to the recipient’s womb.
Assisted hatching is recommended to women in their late 30s or women with a high FSH level. It is also an excellent option for patients whose embryo did not implant successfully during a previous IVF cycle.
To help the embryo implant successfully and not be rejected by the mother’s immune system, we make sure that the gene HLA-G (Human Leukocyte Antigen G) is always present when the embryos are implanted. That aside, there are cases where we strongly suggest the use of EmbryoGlue, a culture medium that is proven to help implantation through hyaluronan and nutrients.
Needless to say, the donors’ health is thoroughly screened for various diseases (including infectious diseases) and also have spermiograms frequently to ensure the high quality of the sperm at all times.
That aside, PGD can also reveal any genetic disorders that the child may be born with. Therefore, it’s a screening process that also gives valuable information besides the gender of the embryo.
Note: Gender selection through PGD is not legal in any country but North Cyprus and is carried out by a leading OB-Gyne and IVF specialist and the only specialist licensed to perform these procedures in the island, Dr Firdevs.
All transferred embryos are screened for chromosomal abnormalities, using the FISH (Fluorescence in-situ Hybridization) technique that speeds up the process that would have otherwise needed several days to be completed. It is definitely a procedure that demands expertise and in-depth knowledge of the processes involved.
For men with normal sperm morphology of less than 4%, we recommend Intracytoplasmic Morphological Sperm Injection (IMSI). Embryologists analyse sperm samples under a powerful microscope and select the premium quality sperm to inject into the eggs. Thus, IMSI increases the potential for a successful pregnancy and live birth rate. It is also a method that can benefit patients who, even though they had good quality eggs, had an unsuccessful implantation in previous IVF cycles, as well as patients with low fertilisation rates.
To treat male infertility, we use PESA (Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration). The process requires local or general anaesthesia and involves the insertion of a fine needle into the epididymis (the tube that connects the vas deferens to efferent ducts) to extract fluid that’s then analysed to select the best sperm to use at the ICSI process mentioned above.
Other methods include TESE (Testicular Sperm Extraction) that’s analysed below, and MESA (Micro-epididymal Sperm Aspiration), which is highly recommended to men diagnosed with blocked vas deferens. It involves sperm retrieval directly from the epididymis and instant conduct of ICSI, and requires general anaesthesia.